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IHP-420-X3057 Ethical & Legal Considerations 24EW3 6-1 discussion response to peer #2

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THE DISCUSSION WAS:

In your initial post, respond to one of the following prompts:

1. Direct consumer genetic testing has become popular. A consumer sends a DNA sample, such as saliva, to one of dozens of companies that provide information about common health traits or ancestry. What can these companies do with your data? Should companies be able to sell your data? Should a parent post their child’s DNA profile online? Discuss your thoughts using factual evidence and/or research to defend your position.

2. Many major countries, including the United States, recruit healthcare professionals from around the world to supply nurses and doctors during times of shortages. Discuss the ethics of recruiting highly qualified staff, on a permanent basis, from foreign countries. While the United States benefits greatly, how does this affect the country the individual was recruited from? Ultimately, how is the world affected when professionals are recruited away from their home country? Discuss your thoughts using factual evidence and/or research to defend your position.

3. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many areas of the world did not have access to newly developed vaccines. What factors should be considered on a global scale to improve equitable distribution of vaccinations and other medical technology in the case of a world-wide health crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic? Discuss your thoughts using factual evidence and/or research to defend your position.

I WILL PUT MY DISCUSSION IN THE FILES TOO JUST INCASE.

BUT NOW WE HAVE TO:

In your responses to two of your peers, extend their discussion using factual and/or research to deepen the dialog.

THE PEER SAID:

Improving equitable distribution of vaccinations and other medical technology globally during a health crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic requires addressing heterogeneous factors contributing to disparities in access. Firstly, socioeconomic factors play a significant role in determining access to healthcare resources. Low-income countries often face financial constraints that limit their ability to procure vaccines and medical technology at the same pace as wealthier nations. Global initiatives such as COVAX have been established to facilitate equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines for low- and middle-income countries by pooling resources and negotiating affordable pricing agreements with vaccine manufacturers (Yoo et al., 2022). However, further efforts are needed to ensure sustainable funding mechanisms and eliminate financial barriers to access for all nations, regardless of their economic status.

Logistical challenges pose significant barriers to vaccine distribution in many parts of the world, particularly in remote or underserved regions. Infrastructure limitations, including inadequate transportation networks and storage facilities, can hinder the timely delivery of vaccines to needy populations (Gardiner et al., 2023). Addressing these challenges requires investment in strengthening healthcare systems and building robust supply chains that efficiently distribute vaccines and medical supplies to even the most remote areas. Additionally, leveraging technology, such as cold chain management systems and mobile vaccination units, can help overcome logistical hurdles and ensure equitable vaccine access across diverse geographic landscapes.

Addressing vaccine hesitancy and promoting vaccine acceptance is essential for achieving widespread immunization coverage and controlling the spread of infectious diseases globally. Cultural beliefs, misinformation, and mistrust in healthcare systems can contribute to vaccine hesitancy, particularly in marginalized communities. To address this, comprehensive public health campaigns and community engagement initiatives must provide accurate information, dispel myths, and build trust in vaccines. Engaging with local community leaders, religious institutions, and grassroots organizations can help tailor messaging to specific cultural contexts and address concerns effectively. By addressing these multifaceted factors comprehensively, global efforts can be made to ensure equitable distribution of vaccines and medical technology during health crises, ultimately saving lives and mitigating the impact of infectious diseases worldwide.

Gardiner, F. W., Schofield, Z., Hendry, M., Jones, K., Smallacombe, M., Steere, M., Beach, J., MacIsaac, M., Greenberg, R., Crawford, C., Trivett, M., Morris, J., Spring, B., Quinlan, F., Churilov, L., Rallah-Baker, K., Gardiner, E., & O’Donnell, J. (2023). A novel COVID-19 program, delivering vaccines throughout rural and remote Australia. Frontiers in Public Health, p. 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1019536

Yoo, K., Mehta, A., Mak, J., Bishai, D., Chansa, C., & Patenaude, B. (2022). COVAX and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 100(05), 315–328. https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.21.287516

Required Resources:

Textbook: Medical Law and Ethics, Chapter 11, Chapter 13: “Terri Schiavo, The Face That Moved a Nation” case on page 314, and Appendix A

Chapter 11 guiding questions:

1. What are the main bioethical issues that modern physicians and healthcare professionals face today?
2. What are some ethical decision-making models that can be used to support ethical dilemmas?

Chapter 13 Terri Schiavo case:

Appendix A guiding questions:

1. What is the Hippocratic Oath?
2. What is the Code of Ethics for Nurses?
3. What is the code of ethics for medical assistants (from the AAMA)?

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-rQ3tIabvM (13:06)

A transcript of this video is available: Terri Schiavo Documentary Transcript PDF ( https://learn.snhu.edu/content/enforced/1465657-IHP-420-X3057-OL-TRAD-UG.24EW3/Course%20Documents/IHP%20420%20Terri%20Schiavo%20Documentary%20Transcript.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=e9OVeXgtKDFzCjQH1N6CDyzZi&ou=1143063&ou=1465657 ) opens in new window

This video provides insight into how the Terri Schiavo case became a political battle over end-of-life issues.

https://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=158582590&site=eds-live&scope=site

Read this Shapiro Library article to explore the ethics and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccine mandates.

https://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswss&AN=000656480500002&site=eds-live&scope=site

Read this Shapiro Library article to explore the practical and ethical problems of allocating limited medical resources such as intensive care unit beds and ventilators for people with disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.

https://gh-bmj-com.ezproxy.snhu.edu/content/7/12/e009876

Review this resource to explore equity and morality related to COVID-19 vaccinations.

Additional Support (Optional):

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fyr2FCT62JM
(4:34)
This video discusses the moral issues around organ donation.

A captioned version of the video is available: Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KnxzI1pWH1k&feature=youtu.be

NEEDED BY SUNDAY AFTERNOON PLEASE

 

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